Friday, April 30, 2010

Right to Education: Article 2 Protocol 1 ECHR

Article 2 Protocol 1  EHRC.  (European Convention on Human Rights)

Right to Education

No person shall be denied the right to education. In the exercise of any functions which it assumes in relation to education and teaching, the state shall respect the rights of parents to ensure such education and teaching in conformity with their own religious and philosophical convictions.


NB: Although this Article is incorporated into national law by the Human Rights Act 1998, the United Kingdom has filed a reservation in respect of the Protocol 1 Article 2 which applies to domestic interpretation of the right as well as to this country’s obligations under the Convention at international level. The reservation accepts the principle of education in conformity with parent’s religious and philosophical convictions “only so far as it is compatible with the provision of efficient instruction and training, and the avoidance of unreasonable public expenditure.

Article 28: United Nations on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)

  1. States Parties recognize the right of the child to education, and with a view to achieving this right progressively and on the basis of equal opportunity, they shall, in particular:

    • (a) Make primary education compulsory and available free to all;
    • (b) Encourage the development of different forms of secondary education, including general and vocational education, make them available and accessible to every child, and take appropriate measures such as the introduction of free education and offering financial assistance in case of need;
    • (c) Make higher education accessible to all on the basis of capacity by every appropriate means;
    • (d) Make educational and vocational information and guidance available and accessible to all children;
    • (e) Take measures to encourage regular attendance at schools and the reduction of drop-out rates.

  2. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child's human dignity and in conformity with the present Convention.

  3. States Parties shall promote and encourage international cooperation in matters relating to education, in particular with a view to contributing to the elimination of ignorance and illiteracy throughout the world and facilitating access to scientific and technical knowledge and modern teaching methods. In this regard, particular account shall be taken of the needs of developing countries.

Protocol 1, Article 2 Human Rights Act: Right to Education

Human Rights Act 1998 
Article 2
Right to education

No person shall be denied the right to education. In the exercise of any functions which it assumes in relation to education and to teaching, the State shall respect the right of parents to ensure such education and teaching in conformity with their own religious and philosophical convictions. 

Tuesday, April 27, 2010

College Funding for 14 - 16 year olds

Finally, the DCSF has confirmed that LAs can recoup the money! See here.

Saturday, April 17, 2010

Arch's Privacy Guide for Parents and Children

...can be found here. The title is ironic, it seems.

Thursday, April 15, 2010

Public Servants and Political Pressure

Why does the Badman report spring to mind, when one reads this, I wonder?

Monday, April 12, 2010

A Wonderful Story about Home Education in the TES

The subject tells us that she has been misquoted in a couple of places but the story is nonetheless typical of many home education stories.

Thursday, April 08, 2010

Voting in the HE Community

From yesterday's letter from Balls to Michael Gove:

"It is our very clear intention to ensure that all the measures you have rejected are included in a new bill in the first session of the new Parliament."

Putting aside the awful possibility that Balls is still thinking about the leadership, a Labour or Lib/Lab government is still a thing greatly to be feared. It rather looks as if many HEors will be working to make quite sure this doesn't happen.

Schedule 1 of CSF Bill Formally Voted Out

From Hansard:

Clauses 19 to 26 disagreed."

"Clause 27 : Power of National Assembly for Wales to make provision by Measure

Debate on whether Clause 27 should stand part of the Bill.

Baroness Walmsley: My Lords, we on these Benches regret that the Government wish not to proceed with Clause 27, which grants the framework power which would have allowed the National Assembly for Wales to regulate home education in its own way. While we are quite in favour of withdrawing Clause 26, which was unworkable and did not have general support, we believe that home education is a matter which should be devolved to the National Assembly. We on these Benches would rather have left the clause in the Bill, but we shall not oppose its removal tonight.

Baroness Morgan of Drefelin: I do not wish to detain the House any further. The House is aware of the discussions that have taken place as part of wash-up, in which we agreed that we would oppose stand part.


EO's Press Release here.

Clause 27 disagreed."

Wednesday, April 07, 2010

For Sure


And here with added spin, from the DCSF.

Posted by Picasa

Clause 26 and Schedule 1 are on the way out.

Update on the wash-up, (which should be viewable at some stage here.)

Clause 26 of the CSF Bill, along with Schedule 1 appear to be on the way out, if these amendments are to be believed.



The above-named Lords give notice of their intention to oppose the Question that Clause 26 stand part of the Bill.

Schedule 1


Baroness Morgan of Drefelin gives notice of her intention to oppose the Question that Schedule 1 stand part of the Bill"

The BBC seems to confirm that this is the case.


UPDATE: Letter from Balls to Michael Gove, which was on line but the relevant site appears to be experiencing difficulties:

Letter to Michael Gove on the Children, Schools and Families Bill


"Below is my letter to the shadow schools secretary Michael Gove on the Children, Schools and Families Bill. Many of the important provisions in this Bill have had to be dropped because the Conservatives have refused to allow them to go forward.

Dear Michael,

I want to put on record my deep regret that you have not been prepared to support key measures in the Children, Schools and Families Bill including; guaranteed 1 to 1 tuition for children who fall behind; compulsory home school agreements so all parents support our teachers to keep discipline; statutory PSHE including sex and relationships and financial education; and proper protection for home educated children.

It is our very clear intention to ensure that all the measures you have rejected are included in a new bill in the first session of the new Parliament.

I believe that every child falling behind in English and maths should be guaranteed the small group and one to one support they need to catch up and make progress so that they are secure in the basics and ready to learn in secondary school. Such tailored support should no longer be the preserve of the wealthy and privileged few but a core component of the curriculum. I am deeply disappointed that you do not agree.

Schools have clear statutory powers to discipline pupils for bad behaviour that occurs in school or on the way to and from school. We have given schools the power to search pupils for weapons and other items without pupils consent, and all school staff members have the legal power to use reasonable force both to prevent a crime or injury and to maintain good order and discipline amongst pupils. Our measures to strengthen Home School Agreements would give schools new and stronger powers to ensure all parents support schools to maintain good behaviour including the possibility of a court-imposed parenting order. As behaviour expert Sir Alan Steer reported recently “It is important that schools have the confidence of knowing that they operate within a legal system that supports their endeavours and that both parents and schools know that the use of a parenting order is a possibility”. I believe parents and the profession will be extremely concerned and disappointed at your refusal to back teachers and headteachers.

The reforms to the school curriculum in the Bill would ensure that children and young people are equipped with the knowledge and skills they, and future employers, want and need. The reforms to the Primary curriculum following Sir Jim Rose’s extensive expert review will provide greater flexibility for schools to tailor teaching to the needs and interests of their children while also focusing on the basics of literacy, numeracy and ICT. These proposed changes have been widely welcomed by primary schools across the country, and many Heads and teachers will be disappointed by your refusal to support them.

I am especially disappointed that, despite our conversation yesterday, you could not agree to make PSHE statutory in all state-funded schools. There is now widespread agreement that statutory PSHE is essential to prepare young people for adult life, and our reforms would ensure that by reducing the age of parental opt-out to 15, all children receive at least one year of compulsory sex and relationship education (SRE).

There is a large body of evidence showing that good SRE leads to young people taking greater responsibility and waiting longer to have their first sexual experience and thus reduced teenage pregnancy rates. It is because of this the provisions of the Bill had received such significant support in Parliament and more broadly across the sector, with faith groups and with parents.

As I explained yesterday, your insistence that parents should have a right to withdraw their children until they reach the age of 16 – the age at which they are in many respects considered adults – makes it impossible for us to proceed. Both British and European case law do not support an opt-out up to the age of 16. As I explained when we discussed yesterday, that amendment would have meant that the bill would not have been compliant with the ECHR. Your insistence that the age limit must be increased to 16 would have made the entire bill non-compliant with UK and European law and, therefore, our lawyers advised me that, as Secretary of State, I had no choice but to remove all the PSHE provisions.

This is a very significant set back, which will deny many young people proper and balanced sex and relationships education. I also strongly disagree with your insistence that children and young people attending academies should be excluded.

It is also very disappointing that your refusal to allow us to proceed to make PSHE statutory will set back our plans to ensure that all pupils receive high quality financial education from 2011.

I was very surprised that you have opposed all of our provisions to drive further and sustained school improvement. The provisions taken out of the bill today on school improvement partners; intervention powers and the school report card are the building blocks for a world class 21st century schooling system that meets the needs of every pupil so they can achieve their full potential. They would also provide parents with the information that they tell us they need to make informed decisions with their children about the future and the removal of these provisions prevents us from delivering the fairer system of accountability we have promised to schools.

Improving teaching underpins the best possible education for all pupils, and the proposed licence to practise would have firmly established the professional standing of the workforce and provided teachers with the status they deserve alongside a contractual entitlement to CPD. I am sorry you do not agree.

Finally, you and your colleagues have been clear about your opposition to the proposed registration scheme for home educators. I do believe this is profoundly misguided and will put children at risk in the future. We have always been clear that the vast majority of home educators do a good job and that they have nothing to fear from the proposals we brought forward. However, without our reforms the small minority of children at risk will remain so. By opposing these provisions you have removed a potentially valuable tool for local authorities in their work to safeguard all children.

I understand that in some instances there are issues of principle that divide us. And I also recognise that, following the decision by the shadow Chancellor not to protect the schools budget this year, you have to find a very hefty and immediate cut to the DCSF budget in 2010-11, which the Institute for Fiscal Studies estimates at £1.7bn. But I do believe the interests of children would have been better served had you agreed to these provisions reaching the statute book. Your refusal means the loss of a number of key provisions that would have made a significant difference to the lives of children and their families.

It is a great pity that you have put at risk improvements in our schools, support for pupils and the well-being of our young people. I will be campaigning to ensure that this Government is returned and that these measures do make it on the statute book in the first session of the new Parliament.

Yours sincerely,


Tuesday, April 06, 2010

The CSF Bill at the Wash Up Tomorrow

As far as we understand it, this scheduling is in fact the Wash Up for the CSF Bill.

More details, courtesy of EO:

It will be a very busy day in the Lords with the CSF Bill last on the agenda.

It doesn't seem as though the Lords will be on TV live and there may only be edited highlights available afterwards, here and here.

However, you can read “Today in the Lords” from 3 hours after the event with the Full Report appearing in Hansard at 8am the following morning.

Tomorrow, Thursday 8th April will be “ping-pong” where the Commons considers any amendments from the Lords.

Parliament will then be prorogued and any further business will be decided between the Front Bench Opposition and the Government.

We don't know what will happen but should know something by the end of the week at the latest.

Conservatives and Liberal Democrats in the House of Commons and House of Lords have consistently opposed the CSF Bill and the home education measures in particular and we are told that the Conservative Shadow Spokesperson for Children Schools and Families reiterated their commitment yesterday to ensuring that the home education proposals would not pass into law.

Monday, April 05, 2010

Writing Reports for Mr Balls

It is not just home educators who question the veracity of Graham Badman's reports, it seems.

Forget the Mendacity, feel the Incompetence

...from the Slog:

"Ed Balls wants to be Chancellor, but says that the Tories must now raise VAT. This is because Balls can't add up, and doesn't read anything or listen to anyone. He simply shouts and tweets."

Yep. Home educators know this too.