Thursday, June 11, 2009

Links for Abuse Statistics in the HE Community

Abuse rates in the HE community, from FOI requests re LA responses - less than half national average:

Abuse rate in HE Community 0.32%
Abuse rate nationally (all children) 1.30%

LAs' total numbers of EHE children range from Thurrock 0, Knowsley 6 and Rutland 9 right up to the big ones: Essex 576, Devon 599 and Kent 662.

With such a large standard deviation it isn't good to extrapolate but doing it would give a total for all 152 LAs of 19,800 EHE children known to LAs.

The figures are discussed in depth in the last essay in this PDF.


From this PDF:

"Home educated children were found to be disproportionately scrutinised, being approximately twice as likely to be referred to Social Services at 9.39 – 10.19%, as were children aged 0-4 years at 5.24% and children aged 5-16 who attend school at 4.93%.

Despite that double referral rate, Child Protection Plans were in place for only  
0.17 - 0.24% of home educated children compared to 0.69% of all 0-4 year olds and 0.49 of 5-16 year old schooled children. 

Referrals to Social Services were found to be 3.5 - 5 times less likely to lead to a Child Protection Plan with home educated children than with referrals of schooled children aged 5-16 at 9.5% and 5 - 7 times less likely to lead to a Child Protection Plan than referrals for children aged 0-4 years 
at 13.23%. 

Rates of home educated children subject to a Child Protection Plan at 0.17 - 0.24% of the population, were also found to be less than teaching staff guilty of abuse offences 0.18 – 0.46%. Home educated children are found to not be at increased safeguarding risk, rather they are shown to be at lower risk than other children"

AHEd's Wiki Page


Summary of Statistics used in Badman Report - Received FOI on August 20th.


FOI'd Information from LAs re Concerns over Suitable Education


Annexes 1 and 5 via FOI. (We are assuming they are Mr Badman's unpublished statistics from his indepth questions to 25 LAs.)



1. Total elective home education (EHE) population

• 12,300 children were registered EHE in the 90 LAs that responded to our questionnaire. Approximately 35% were of primary age, 65% of secondary age.

• Can therefore assume approximately 21,000 EHE children in the country (1).

• These data relate to known, registered children only. We know that to be an underestimate and therefore one could assume these figures may be higher.

5. Known to social care [1]

25 of the 90 LAs asked responded (28% response rate)

*Based on the data we have from the 25 LAs, the average (median) proportion of EHE children per LA known to social care is approximately 7%. We estimate there are approximately 3% of children (5-16 years) known to social care in maintained schools. [2]

*Within the 25 LAs for which we have data, there were 477 registered home educated children who were currently known to social care.

*On average (median) 7 children per LA were known to social care.

*Extrapolating to the national level (150 LAs, this means around 1350 home educated children are known to social care in some capacity (6.75%)

(1) Known to social care includes Sections 17, 37, 47 enquiries.
(2) Using 2005 data (the latest available), these are approximate figures and include disabled children."

NB: "Known to social care" is not the same as being on a social services register for being at risk of abusing a child. Known to social care here means families that will have been referred to services or have used services under sections 17, 37 and 47 of the Children Act 1989.

Section 17 deals with the provision of services to children in need, and has nothing to do with whether that child is at risk of abuse from his parents.

Sections 37 and 47 will include all families who are referred to social services, whether or not there was any actual risk of abuse. The home education community suffers from an extremely high rate of spurious referrals to SS, eg: for no other than that the referrer didn't realise that HE is a legal option. Yet these families, once referred, remain "known to social care". It does not mean they are on an "at risk register".

See also a statistician's comments on these statistics on AHEd's wiki page.


The Independent (on the now debunked Badman claim that HE children are twice as likely to be on at risk registers.)


Links for National Abuse Rate


Dani's Request for clarification of stats.


Anonymous said...

Your link for

Links for National Abuse Rate

seems to be no longer valid

Another information source can be found here -

accessed via


Carlotta said...

Thanks for the heads up, Anon. Having problems with my Adobe reader.
Any chance you could put the stats in some other format somewhere so I could link to them?